Positive effects of the homemade mouthwash
Inexpensive - do-it-yourself mouthwash will be cheaper than the products you buy at the store but with more benefits.
It doesn't have Alcohol - Alcohol-free mouthwash is a good product and is hard to find. Alcohol usually dries your mouth causing bad breath. When you make your homemade mouthwash, you needn't use alcohol.
It doesn't have harmful chemicals - Standard mouthwashes usually contain dyes, sweeteners, preservatives, and other chemicals that are bad for the environment and nonetheless for you.
Making your own mouthwash, means you know exactly what it contains, and you can adapt it to your personal needs.
You choose the quality of the ingredients added - When you make your homemade mouthwash you get to pick the ingredients and use only the best ones. Manufacturers end up using poor quality ingredients just to cut down the cost of production.
Common ingredients you can use in your homemade mouthwash
Plants or herbs
Aloe Vera Gel - Aloe Vera extracts are famous for being antifungal and antibacterial
Basil - Is a more common herb with a strong sweet smell. Scientific studies show that basil is antioxidant, antiviral, antimicrobial and anticancer.
Anise - Is a flowering plant that has a certain flavour very similar to liquorice, tarragon and fennel.
Anise contains an ingredient called anethole, which has antimicrobial properties and is very effective towards annihilating the effects produced by yeast, bacteria or fungi.
Bergamot essential oil - This fruit is no bigger than an orange, has the colour of a lemon and a very pleasant smell. Bergamot calms inflamed skin and is an antiseptic that can prevent infection or help you recover from them.
Cinnamon - This common spice is one of the most-used spices; it is made from the bark of cinnamon tree trunks.
It is a natural food preservative since it prevents the growth of bacteria and food spoiling.
It has plenty of antioxidants.
Cinnamon essential oil is a potent antimicrobial.
Cardamom - Cardamom has a strong taste, deeply aromatic with a resinous fragrance.
It is usually used to fight against gum and teeth infections, throat troubles, and it is also a decongestant.
Clove - Clove oil is amazing since you can apply it on a cavity to relieve toothache.
It has antiseptic properties thus it decreases teeth infection, and it is a strong antioxidant.
Coriander - Coriander seeds when crushed have a citrus flavor.
Most describe it as being warm, spicy, and orange-flavored.
A study shows that both the leaves and the seed have antioxidants; however, the leaves have a stronger effect than the seeds.
Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus oil has cleansing properties, and it is usually used in toothpaste, decongestants and cough drops.
Eucalyptus oil fights pathogenic bacteria and has antibacterial effects.
Fennel - This highly flavored herb has medical uses. It has anethole, which fights against yeast, fungi and bacteria.
Ginger - stimulates the product of saliva and is antibacterial.
Goldenseal - It has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects plus it can remove canker sores when you gargle it.
Lemon essential oil - this acid essential oil helps to remove grease, bleach the stains off the teeth and disinfect.
Mandarin essential oil - dried peel of mandarin is used in traditional Chinese medicine to regulate the chi, to enhance digestion, reduce phlegm and to treat abdominal distension.
Marjoram - it resembles oregano and it is sweet with a citrusy flavor.
Myrrh - Is is highly used in products such as toothpastes, gargles, mouthwashes since it is antiseptic and prevents gum diseases.
Myrrh essential oil has strong preservative qualities.
Peppermint - Peppermint has a strong menthol flavor and is commonly used for flavoring ice-cream or tea, toothpaste or chewing gum.
Oregano - it resembles marjoram. Both leaves and flowering stems are antiseptic and expectorant. Oregano has strong antimicrobial and antioxidant effects.
Rosemary - has many useful biologically active compounds with antioxidant properties like rosmarinic and carnosic acid.
Sage - used for its antiseptic, astringent and antibiotic effect, sage has a peppery flavor.
Spearmint - is minty. Spearmint essential oil is antifungal, but it is less powerful than Oregano. It is highly antioxidant.
Tea tree oil - Tea tree oil has many beneficial medical effects like being antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal plus it also has cosmetic benefits.
Turmeric - has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects.
Thyme - The essential oil of Thymus Vulgaris contains 20-54% thymol. Thymol is antiseptic, which is why it is also used in Listerine mouthwash.
Before modern antibiotics came along, Thyme was used to medicate bandages. It is also used as an ingredient in alcohol-free hand sanitizers.
Sweeteners you can use for homemade mouthwash
Raw honey - honey contains sugar, and some people might go for a more natural sweetener.
Honey contains has complex carbohydrates in comparison to table sugar. They will less likely cause problems in your mouth.
Xylitol - It is a natural sugar substitute and is a sugar alcohol sweetener. Bacteria can't feed off xylitol, so it prevents cavities and bad breath.
Stevia - is up to 30 times sweeter than classic sugar. Research proved that stevia stops the reproduction of bad bacteria that causes tooth decay and gum disease.
Other ingredients you can use
Apple cider vinegar - due to its antibacterial effect apple cider is a good remedy for sore throat. It helps dissolve calcified deposits why it is often added to mouthwash.
Glycerin (Glycerol) - this sweet humectant (which keeps foods moist), solvent, thickening agent, sweetener and preservative is nearly 60% just as sweet as sucrose.
It has just about the same food energy as classic sugar, and it doesn't increase blood sugar levels, it doesn't feed the bacteria that later on causes tooth cavities and plaques.
Baking soda - sodium bicarbonate works as a natural mechanical cleanser for teeth and gums and neutralizes the acid in the mouth and prevents infections from occurring.
A sodium bicarbonate paste with a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution can serve as an alternative for toothpaste.
Calcium carbonate - This is abrasive, and it is commonly used for its fluoride that remineralizes the teeth enamel
Gum Arabic - Gum Arabic is an emulsifier and also reduces the surface tension of liquids (encourage the suspension of liquids in one another thus helping the mouthwash remain mixed).
Since it lowers the surface tension, it helps the mouthwash to reach small places like between your teeth.
Salt - or sodium chloride acts as a preservative that absorbs water. It is used for cooking and in detergents and soaps. Since it absorbs water, salt works as a preservative and bacteria can't live off it.
Hydrogen peroxide - is used as an antiseptic, oxidizer and disinfectant whitener.
When it is mixed with baking soda and a bit of hand soap, it removes skunk odor.
If mixed in correct quantities with salt and baking soda, it can serve as toothpaste.
Store it in an opaque container since it easily breaks down when comes in contact with light.
Food Grade doesn't contain the heavy metals used for stabilizers, hydrogen peroxide and water, no other stabilizers.
The FDA has stated that one can use approximately 3% of hydrogen peroxide solution in the mouthwash.
Using a higher concentration is not advised since it can harm your mouth.
Food grade hydrogen peroxide usually comes very concentrated, around 35%.
It is highly important you should dilute it down to 3% before adding it to your mouthwash.
Vodka - is used as an ingredient for its alcohol. We don't advice the use of it since it has alcohol, but you can experiment with it a bit.
Water - Water is an essential ingredient in everything including in homemade mouthwashes. You can also try adding mineral, carbonated, boiled or distilled water.